MUS: Symptoms

The characteristic of Medically Unexplained Symptoms (MUS) is, as the term implies, that no clear cause of the complaint can be found in first instance.Sometimes the real cause is three or four steps further.

The following complaints are often mentioned:

  • Severe tiredness;
  • Concentration or memory problems;
  • Upset stomach, such as nausea;
  • Abdominal pain or cramps;
  • Bowel complaints, such as diarrhea, constipation, flatulence;
  • (low) back pain and other muscle and / or joint pains;
  • Headache or neck pain;
  • Dizziness or balance problems;
  • Ringing in the ears;
  • Palpitations, tightness or chest pain.

There are situations and aspects that can increase the chance of these inexplicable complaints. For example, you can simply be extra sensitive to certain situations or your body has a weak spot. You can also be so alert to your body that you experience every physical change.

At ICMC De Bron, we assume that body and mind (as well as the environment) form one whole and that these aspects influence each other. Your health is therefore dependent on your physical condition, vitality, thoughts, feelings and behavior and on the reactions with your environment (family, friends, colleagues, etc.).

Example 1

A good friend’s statement, attitude, or situation may be a trigger for you. This trigger brings to your mind a certain event or memory of a (traumatic) situation from the past. This then creates the necessary tension and fear. And that fear can ensure that your muscles remain tense, resulting in stiffness, head and abdominal pain or even palpitations.

Example 2

Or you are very concerned about your back pain. In attempts to ease the pain, you start moving less and differently, which in turn reduces your mobility further. You feel less fit and tired faster. Your environment (partner, colleagues) does not understand this. You feel misunderstood and unsupported. You become increasingly quiet and insecure and your self-image is affected. That makes you sad or maybe even depressed.